what is the coal mining process

coal mining Definition, History, Types, & Facts Britannica

Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth from underground. Coal has been used since the Bronze Age, 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, and was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries.


Coal Mining and Processing Energy Trends Insider

Surface mining is used to produce most of the coal in the U.S. because it is less expensive than underground mining. Surface mining can be used when the coal is buried less than 200 feet underground. In surface mining, giant machines remove the top-soil and layers of rock to expose large beds of coal. Once the mining is finished, the dirt and rock are returned to the pit, the topsoil is


4 Coal Mining and Processing Coal: Research and

The overall coal mining process consists of several sequential stages: (1) exploration of a potentially economic coal seam to assess minable reserves, environmental issues, marketable reserves, potential markets, and permitting risks; (2) analysis and selection of a mining plan; (3) securing the markets; (4) developing the mine; (5) extracting the coal; (6) processing the coal if necessary


Common Coal Mining and Processing Terms

Continuous Mining is an underground method of extracting coal. The process utilises a machine that is capable of handling the entire extraction process. The machine itself takes over the traditional cutting, drilling, blasting and loading stages of underground coal extraction. This is achieved by extracting coal from the seam while simultaneously transporting it by conveyor to the loading


What Is Coal Mining Some Interesting Facts

The two major schools of coal mining are surface mining and underground mining. To qualify for surface mining, the coal seam must lie within 60 metres of the surface. The miners’ job is to remove all of the ‘overburden’ the cubic tons of rock, soil and trees above the coal seam -and expose the coal layer for extraction. The main tools of the trade are dynamite and dragline excavators


How is coal mined? Quora

08/04/2017· Thanks for A2A ! The selection of process for mining the coal deposit is attributed to various parameters, among those,the important ones are :- 1. Dip of the coal deposit. 2. Presence of geological discontinuities. 3. Capital available. 4. Dept...